|Army of Occupation – Doughboys First
|FES Title:||Army of Occupation – Doughboys First|
|Alternate Titles:||Doughboys First – Crossing the Moselle into Germany
; Doughboys First! (1931, 2002)
|Size:||30″H x 50″W|
|Published:|| “Souvenir Pictures of the Great War.” The Ladies Home Journal, July 1919: 24.
caption: Doughboys First
Ianni, Francis A. World War One Remembered. Wilmington: Delaware Heritage Commission, 1993: 74.
Fleming, Thomas. “Goal With Price to be Paid.” Military History, October 1993: 48.
Harrington, Peter. “Images of the Great War.” American History, December 1996: 36.
Harrington, Peter. “The Great War Paintings of Frank E. Schoonover.” Military Heritage, August 1999: 68.
Hervey, Allen. Toward the Flame: A Memoir of World War I. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003: cover.
Blum, Raymond K. U.S. Army: A Complete History. Arlington, VA: The Army Historical Foundation, 2004: 584.
|Inscription:|| lr: Frank E. Schoonover / ’19
|Exhibitions:||1927 Oshkosh; 1931 FES; 2002 HSD|
|Commentary:|| Here Schoonover depicts the determined ‘Doughboys’ at the moment when the United States 1st Infantry Division crossed the Moselle River to enter Germany, “and where the Division Commander General Frank Parker stepped aside to let the Infantrymen of the 16th Infantry be the first to enter Germany. (They had been the first to land in France and march through Paris on July, 4, 1917.)”
The 1st Infantry Division soldiers, called ‘Doughboys,’ are remembered as “First in France, First in Paris, First in line, First to open fire, First to suffer casualties, First to capture prisoners, First to raid, First to be raided, First in length of time spent in the front line, First in Germany, but – last to leave.” “After the war, General MacArthur wrote a tribute to the American Doughboy, especially the Infantryman, who had borne the brunt of the war.” (Ianni, 75)
For further commentary, see #886.
|Provenance:||Sold by the artist to the Delaware National Guard (March 9, 1959)|